CORONAVIRUS + DIABETES
Help keep our community safe until we’re all safe.
We have a simple goal: tap into the power of the global diabetes community to save lives.
Living with diabetes is hard work. The global outbreak of the novel coronavirus has added new challenges, fears, and uncertainties.
As COVID-19 has progressed, we have learned that, contrary to initial reports, diabetes itself does not seem to increase the risk of contracting coronavirus. Older age and other correlating factors like high blood pressure, underlying heart or lung conditions, being overweight, or having consistently elevated blood glucose levels seem to have a greater impact on risk.
Not everyone with diabetes faces the same personal risk, but we’re only powerful against coronavirus when we work together. Join us by doing your part. If you are older or have less well-controlled diabetes or live with someone who does, focus on taking action to minimize your exposure. And if you are younger and healthier with less immediate risk, take every precaution you can to keep others in your community safe.
Together, we have the power to shape what happens next. Every action to curb the spread of the virus represents countless infections prevented.
Protect those most vulnerable, including members of the global diabetes community. Protect those who cannot stay home. Protect those on the front lines. Protect our farmers, grocery workers, nurses, and pharmacists. Protect yourself and your family.
Together, we can lead the way in stopping the spread of COVID-19. The lives of the most vulnerable among us are on the line.
Who are we? Learn more about the JDRF-Beyond Type 1 Alliance.
What can you do?
Take these precautions and encourage your community to join you. The recommendations have been endorsed by members* of The American Diabetes Association, Beyond Type 1, Harvard Medical School, ISPAD, and JDRF and are being shared by diabetes communities around the world to keep the most vulnerable among us safe.
Join the movement – boost the signal. Organizations interested in becoming a sharing partner e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PEOPLE WITH DIABETES
The following recommendations clarify how to best protect yourself and others from contracting COVID-19. They are not exhaustive, but every action taken counts. Overall, act as though you may have COVID-19 and could pass it on – asymptomatic spread has been shown to be a driver of this global pandemic.
Elevated average blood sugar levels in individuals with diabetes is a risk factor for more severe COVID-19 outcomes – set yourself up for success with diabetes management.
- Test blood sugar levels more often; your body may be reacting differently under these new circumstances. Maintain a routine of physical movement and blood sugar friendly eating.
- Contact your doctor or health professionals by phone/telehealth if possible for personal diabetes management advice, especially if your blood glucose numbers are consistently out of range.
- Familiarize yourself with how to check for ketones. If you have adequate supplies, check for ketones regularly regardless of blood sugar levels.
- Secure a sufficient amount of your standard management supplies as well as supplies to check ketones and treat severe hypoglycemia (glucagon).
- Lean on your community for help – none of these behaviors are easy, and we all need support. Look into diabetes online communities.
Being overweight/obese and smoking are also major risk factors for more severe COVID-19 outcomes – maximize baseline physical and mental health to improve physical immunity.
- If you smoke or vape, stop now.
- If overweight, work toward a healthier weight.
- Prepare meals at home using whole foods and stay hydrated.
- Be sure to exercise, in your home or in an outdoor area where you can easily maintain distance from others.
- Get a sufficient amount of quality sleep – most adults need 7+ hours per night, children need more (at least 9).
- Reach out to others to stay in touch virtually, especially those who may need help.
- Check in with your mental health, including substance use and other potentially harmful habits. If you are struggling with mental health, seek online help.
Many are returning to work and school – make environments as safe as possible.
- Work from home as much as you can. Look into modifications in work procedures to keep 2 meters / 6 feet distance from others. Adjust your schedule to avoid high-traffic times.
- If you manage a work or school environment, ensure precautions are being set up for vulnerable individuals. Advocate for flexible work options for high-risk individuals.
Early detection of COVID-19 or other health issues can be life saving – if you get sick, get treated quickly.
- Measure temperature daily with a thermometer and take heart rate with a watch. Track any changes.
- Never stop taking insulin or other medications, even when you become sick. Discuss insulin, metformin, or other medication dosage changes with a doctor.
- Make sure you have a diabetes-specific sick day management plan ready, just in case.
- Know the warning signs of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and seek immediate medical attention for symptoms including fruity smelling breath, vomiting, weight loss, dehydration, confusion, and hyperventilation.
Basic precautions save lives – continue strict personal hygiene habits.
- Wash hands every time you come into contact with an out-of-home item or place.
- Wear a cloth mask or face covering any time you’re within 2 meters/6 feet of individuals outside your home.
- Avoid prolonged exposure to aerosolized particles – e.g. indoor spaces with low ventilation, especially featuring loud conversation or singing
- Regularly disinfect high-touch surfaces in your home, cough or sneeze into your elbow or a tissue, and avoid touching your face.
Social distancing works – continue to minimize physical interaction with others.
- Minimize contact with individuals outside your household. Maintain a distance of at least 2 meters / 6 ft from others.
- Minimize trips outside of your home – shop weekly if your budget allows, get groceries delivered if you can, and seek routine medical care from home, utilizing telehealth and mail-order pharmacy options.
- Adjust schedule to avoid busy times in public places. Take advantage of dedicated shopping times for vulnerable individuals if available.
If you have diabetes and contract the novel coronavirus, contact your healthcare professional immediately. For more information, visit this resource from the Diabetes Disaster Response Coalition.
* Thank you to Professor Kim C Donaghue, President of ISPAD 2018-2020, Paediatric Endocrinologist, Sydney Children’s Hospitals Network, Discipline of Child and Adolescent Health, University of Sydney (chair); Dr Anju Virmani, Senior Consultant Pediatric Endocrinologist, Max, Pentamed & Rainbow Hospitals, Delhi, India.; Dr Carine de Beaufort, MD, PhD, President of ISPAD 2021, Guest professor, Département de Pédiatrie UZ-VUB, Brussels, Belgium, DECCP, Clinique Pédiatrique/CH de Luxembourg; Dr Luis Eduardo Calliari, MD. ISPAD Communication Director, Member of Brazilian Diabetes Society Executive Board, Professor at Santa Casa School of Medical Sciences, São Paulo, Brazil; Dr. Rachel Swift, Chief of Strategy Global, JDRF; and others.
RESOURCES + SHAREABLES
HELPING TO SPREAD THE WORD
Join us! Commit to sharing these life-saving recommendations with your community. E-mail email@example.com and we’ll add your logo to the growing list of community partners.